HPV & Related Cancers

(Human Papilloma Virus)

About HPV

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection. There are over 40 types of HPV that can be passed on through sexual contact and approximately 30% of all sexually active adults will come into contact with one strain of HPV.

Types 6 and 11 are the main cause of genital and anal warts and types 16 and 18 are the main cause of anal and cervical cancer. Research indicates that type 16 and 18 cause 70% of cervical cancers and over 80% of anal cancers worldwide. In rarer cases types 16 and 18 can also cause cancer of the penis, vagina, vulva, head and neck. Common warts on the hands and feet are different and do not affect sexual health.

As anal and cervical cancer disproportionately effects PLHIV, it is essential that our community understands the risks, and screening requirements needed.

Positive Life NSW has created an excellent factsheet that shares strategies and suggestions to take care of your cervical health as someone living with HIV.

The Australian Federation of AIDS Organisation (AFAO) has created a resource for gay and other men who have sex with men (MSM) about HPV and anal cancer. It is called “The Bottom Line” and it discusses the risks associated with HPV, vaccination, screening activities/how to get tested, navigating a diagnosis and support services.


Syphilis is a bacterial infection that can affect both men and women. Syphilis is transmitted through close skin-to-skin contact and is highly contagious when the syphilis sore (chancre) or rash is present.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a bloodborne virus that causes inflammation of the liver. This virus is present in the blood of a person living with hepatitis C and can be spread through blood-to-blood contact. The current treatment can cure hepatitis C in more than 90% of people.


Gonorrhoea is a common bacterial STI, and doesn’t always have symptoms. It can affect anyone, regardless of gender, who has any kind of unprotected sex (without condoms) with someone who has the infection. It can be treated with antibiotics.


Chlamydia is a very common bacterial STI, and often people do not realise they have it. It can affect women and men of all ages, but most frequently occurs in young people who regularly change sexual partners. It can usually be easily treated.

Our trained team is here to help you should you have any questions or need support. You can contact QPP toll free from a Queensland land-line on 1800 636 241 or (07) 3013 5555 nationally, email us at info@qpp.org.au or use our contact us form.

icon-angle icon-bars icon-times