• Prevention: Transforming HIV
  • Prevention: Transforming HIV
  • Prevention: Transforming HIV

Prevention: Transforming HIV

Over the last few years, treatment of HIV has come a long way and now plays a vital role in prevention.  Building on the new optimistic message that “HIV is different now” are the major advances in treatment that ensure people living with HIV live a long, healthy and fulfilling life.

QPP believe that there are clear actions that will bring about the end to the sexual transmission of HIV.  These are:

  • Substantially increase access to and uptake of voluntary HIV testing in Australia
  • Enhance access to and uptake of antiretroviral treatment for HIV
  • Make HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis available
  • Strengthen the partnership response and enabling environment

It is an exciting time now the possibility of ending the sexual transmission of HIV is within reach.  QPP is supported by NAPWHA (National Association of People with HIV Australia) in representing people living with HIV.  It is our aim to maximise the impact on the prevention of HIV in Queensland and write the history of HIV for the nation.

HIV Treatment Cascade:
How Australia will measure progress on eliminating the sexual transmission of HIV

Australia is a signatory to the UN Declaration on HIV/AIDS and has committed to a 50% reduction in the sexual transmission of HIV by 2015.

This commitment will utilise biomedical prevention opportunities and the scientific advances in our understanding of HIV transmission and antiretroviral treatment.  Biomedical prevention opportunities have two significant benefits:

  1. Individual Health Benefit  HIV positive people will have significantly better health outcomes and mitigate HIV-associated comorbidities if diagnosed early, and have access to appropriate continuous treatment (presence of viral load as a result of untreated HIV leads to inflammation and disease progression).
  2. Secondary Population Prevention Benefit – HIV positive patients are likely to achieve an undetectable viral load through antiretroviral treatment, and are considered to be significantly less infectious once this is achieved (RCT data indicates a 96% reduction in transmission risk when treatment is combined with condom use).

Australia’s measurement of progress towards the UN Declaration to reduce the sexual transmission of HIV by 50% will be in part determined by the treatment cascade, particularly the ability to reduce community viral load by retaining PLHIV in care and encouraging appropriate treatment.

treatment-cascade

Treatment as Prevention thumbnail
Myths Perpetuate Stigma thumbnail
Serodiscordant Couples thumbnail
Stop HIV Stigma thumbnail
Knowledge is Power thumbnail
Unknown HIV Status thumbnail
PEP thumbnail
Keep Calm thumbnail
International Lesbian Day thumbnail
Dirty Language thumbnail
HIV Treatment Advances thumbnail
IDU Day thumbnail
HIV Does Not Discriminate thumbnail
Peas in a pod thumbnail
Uncle Johnny thumbnail
Get Tested thumbnail
Christmas checklist thumbnail
Rapid Test delivery thumbnail
Christmas condom thumbnail
Shared responsibility thumbnail
Year of the horse thumbnail
PrEP thumbnail
Old AIDS thumbnail
Stigma thumbnail
Ignorance thumbnail
Condom Day thumbnail
Sexual Health thumbnail
share the love thumbnail
Condoms That Fit thumbnail
Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission thumbnail
just a small prick thumbnail
Stay healthy thumbnail
Partners Study thumbnail
From Vanilla To Sexually Adventurous thumbnail
Undetectable Viral Load thumbnail
F2F transmission2 thumbnail
Window Period thumbnail
Seroconversion thumbnail
Sharing Health Information thumbnail
Stigma thumbnail
HIV Status Doesn't Matter thumbnail
Hands Up thumbnail
Entrenched social norms thumbnail
Long & Healthy Lives thumbnail
Stigmatising Language thumbnail

Treatment as Prevention

Treatment can be taken by an HIV positive person to dramatically reduce the possibility of transmitting HIV; this is known as Treatment as Prevention.

Myths Perpetuate Stigma

Many myths exist about HIV that perpetuates the stigma felt by people living with HIV. Knowing the facts helps us to prevent transmission.

Serodiscordant Couples

A serodiscordant relationships is one in which one partner is HIV positive and the other is HIV negative. A persons HIV status should not be a barrier to love.

Stop HIV Stigma

Stigma has been described as the greatest barrier to the prevention of HIV. We can all play a part in reducing the stigma associated with HIV.

Knowledge is Power

Knowing our status is power, and being able to diagnose HIV early improves long term health outcomes by providing access to treatment options.

Unknown HIV Status

HIV is most often transmitted between people who are unaware of their HIV status, regular testing is therefore important.

PEP

PEP (Pre Exposure Prophylaxis) is a four week course of treatment that may prevent the acquisition of HIV after a high risk exposure. PEP should be commenced as soon as possible after exposure and no later than 72 hours.

Keep Calm

Understanding the facts about HIV transmission goes a long way to reducing the stigma associated with HIV.

International Lesbian Day

HIV can affect everybody, regardless of a person’s sexuality.

Dirty Language

Language can be stigmatising. HIV is not a dirty word and understanding the facts allows us to be accurate and respectful.

HIV Treatment Advances

HIV treatment has evolved considerably over the past few years and can now achieve an undetectable viral load, which improves long term health outcomes.

IDU Day

Injecting drug users are at risk of HIV if they share injecting equipment. Needle exchange programs are a harm minimisation strategy that ensures clean injecting equipment is available to everybody.

HIV Does Not Discriminate

No matter our age, we are all at risk of HIV. 15-29 year olds make up a significant percentage of overall diagnoses.

Peas in a pod

HIV and AIDS are often mistaken as the same thing. With treatment these days, HIV will no longer progress to AIDS.

Uncle Johnny

HIV is transmitted through the exchange of body fluids, you cannot transmit HIV by touching, hugging or kissing someone.

Get Tested

It is important to know your HIV status. HIV is often transmitted by people who do not know they are HIV positive.

Christmas checklist

HIV testing has never been easier now that rapid testing is available. Theres no longer a reason it cant be part of your usual routine.

Rapid Test delivery

Rapid HIV Testing was introduced to Queensland in 2013, and many more testing sites look set to open in 2014.

Christmas condom

There are a growing number of options to help prevent HIV these days, but condoms still remain the most effective.

Shared responsibility

It is everybody’s responsibility to prevent the transmission of HIV.

Year of the horse

Happy 2014! In this year of the horse, remember to always use a condom.

PrEP

PrEP is a prevention strategy for an HIV negative person. It is a whole new approach, allowing an HIV negative person to take treatment to prevent themselves acquiring HIV.

Old AIDS

These days, people living with HIV can prevent ever progressing to an AIDS defining illness with access to treatment. Treatment has come so far.

Stigma

As we talk about HIV, we engage the community and create an inclusive environment built on facts, understanding and respect.

Ignorance

It is important to get tested for HIV regularly. The earlier you are diagnosed, the better your long term health outcomes will be.

Condom Day

Every year we celebrate International Condom Day, a day to celebrate the most effective method of preventing HIV.

Sexual Health

Sexual health check ups are for your health. Regular checks ensure you are protecting yourself and your sexual partners.

share the love

While safer sex is a shared responsibility, every individual should be in control of their own sexual health.

Condoms That Fit

Condoms come in many sizes, with a correct fitting condom sex will be more pleasurable. You can order regular fitted condoms for free at qpp.org.au/freecondoms

Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission

With advances in HIV treatments and the understanding of transmission, HIV positive men and women can have families. Treatments dramatically reduce the risk of HIV positive people transmitting HIV to their sexual partners and HIV positive women can deliver a baby without HIV.

just a small prick

Rapid Testing gives you an HIV result in 20 minutes and only requires a drop of blood from your fingertip.

Stay healthy

Treatment for HIV has markedly improved in recent years, and with major scientific advances HIV is now considered a chronic manageable condition.

Partners Study

At the recent CROI conference, preliminary findings from the PARTNER study have shown no linked HIV transmissions between serodiscordant couples, where the HIV positive partner had an undetectable viral load. When asked what the study tells us about the chance of someone with an undetectable viral load transmitting HIV, presenter Alison Rodger said: "Our best estimate is it's zero." Final results will not be known until 2017. In the interim, condoms remain the most trusted way to prevent HIV transmission.

From Vanilla To Sexually Adventurous

Whether you are into Vanilla sex or are Sexually Adventurous condoms are still the best way to prevent HIV and STI’s.

Undetectable Viral Load

An undetectable viral load is the goal of HIV treatment. This preserves the immune system from damage and improves health and quality of life, as well as lowering the chances of onward transmission.

F2F transmission2

While female to female sexual transmission of HIV is not common, lesbians are still being diagnosed with HIV. Phylogenetic analysis provides the evidence that transmission is occurring from the positive female partner through sexual acts, and not through other modes such as male sexual partners or injecting drug use.

Window Period

If HIV transmission has occurred, then HIV antibodies will usually appear within 45 days after the risk event, in some cases this can take up to 3 months – the window period is different for everybody. Regular HIV testing is therefore important.

Seroconversion

Seroconversion is one of the immune systems responses to the presence of antigens in the blood and occurs shortly after HIV transmission. This is the time that symptoms may appear, although this differs for everyone and may be asymptomatic.

Sharing Health Information

Disclosure can be a challenging time for people living with HIV. Someone choosing to disclose personal information to you is a sign of trust and respect. It is important to remember that only they can decide who they choose to disclose to.

Stigma

HIV-related stigma will only stop when everyone stands together and says that stigma is not OK. A person’s HIV status whether positive, negative or unknown should not be a reason to discriminate.

HIV Status Doesn't Matter

Your only job is to take responsibility of your own Sexual Health.

Hands Up

There are a growing number of locations across the state offering rapid HIV testing, and some home testing trials commencing soon. Contact QPP to find out more.

Entrenched social norms

Whether you are positive or negative, challenge the entrenched social norms that cause shame, discrimination and barriers to safer sex. Be informed about the new landscape of HIV prevention which includes shared responsibility for safer sex; and the use of Treatment as Prevention, PEP and PrEP as prevention strategies that are everyone’s responsibility.

Long & Healthy Lives

Treatments for HIV have come a long way and these days people living with HIV can live a long and healthy life

Stigmatising Language

When speaking about a person’s HIV status CLEAN or DIRTY is not the right language to use.