Undetectable Viral Load

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The term used when HIV virus is not able to be detected in the blood – below the level of quantification using the standard viral load blood test. Obtaining undetectable viral load is the goal of HIV treatment, preserving the immune system from damage by the HIV virus, to improve health and quality of life. Having an undetectable viral load also lowers the risk of transmitting HIV to others (see Risk Reduction Strategies [RRS]). Undetectable viral load does NOT mean you have been cured of HIV, it means that HIV is not replicating very much in the body, as it would be without daily HIV antiretroviral (ARV) treatment.