Having difficulty thinking, concentrating, remembering, or undertaking complex tasks. Some people with HIV may develop cognitive impairment from HIV entering the brain and nervous system (in this case the condition is called “HIV-associated Neurocognitive Disorder – HAND”). Mild symptoms can occur (known as “Mild Neurocognitive Disorder – MND”), which do not necessarily affect daily functioning, such as a failure to recall certain words, or mild memory loss, but these should be discussed with your doctor if they become problematic to you. Depression is also linked to cognitive impairment. There may be other reasons for cognitive impairment, like normal ageing, so it is important to work out the causes and risk factors with your doctor. Functional cognitive capacity is NOT related to a person’s intelligence (IQ).