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The term used to describe a disease or condition that extends over a long period of time, and may progress slowly or show little change in symptoms. Some chronic conditions may not have a cure available, but are able to be effectively and safely managed with suppressive and therapeutic treatment. Use of effective HIV antiretroviral treatment, now classifies HIV as a “chronic manageable condition”, like a number of chronic conditions (such as diabetes); but this does not mean that HIV is no longer a threat to health since HIV ARV treatment-does not cure HIV, but instead makes it more manageable, lowering the risk of serious health outcomes through taking effective HIV ARV treatment daily.